Types of learning strategies and Supports Meta cognitive Strategies
Topic : Types of learning strategies and Supports Meta cognitive Strategies
Many times we think that studying involves the same process for everyone, facing books or notes, reading and repeating information. But studying is something else, what works does not work for others and can also be taught. Depending on the material being studied, there are more suitable learning strategies, learning about the learning process in addition to educational knowledge is even more important to properly combine different strategies and meaningful learning.
It is necessary to know ourselves in the study process when it comes to knowing if we are really learning and it allows us that if we are not doing it, we can change the strategy based on our strengths or weaknesses or new You can do a combination. Read more about Types of learning strategies and Supports Metacognitive Strategies.
Research has shown the effectiveness of the following types of learning strategies that teachers can teach each student in the classroom, then make a generalization and use it themselves during their learning:
Spaced Practice: Extend your study over time
Many students wait until the last minute for the exam. Passing the exam makes us feel like the material has been learned correctly, but after a few weeks, much of this information disappears. For meaningful learning (over a long period of time), the study should be done in small parts over time.
Every time we leave a little space between study and study, we forget a bit of information that later when we return we learn again. This error helps us to strengthen our memory, we must forget a little to learn by remembering it again.
Recovery practice. Practice retrieving previously learned information with the help of materials
Many people think of studying only by looking at notes, textbooks or other materials, but having the correct information in front of us does not force us to retrieve it from memory. Remembering information without supporting material helps us learn more effectively.
Saving class materials and then writing or saying them, checking the accuracy of the material, brings us information almost as if we were testing ourselves. By remembering that information we are changing the way it is stored so that it is easier to obtain later.
How to do make-up exercises in the classroom for students (check to understand of notes and discuss misunderstandings) can be applied to them at home.
Describe and Explain Ideas in Great Detail.
This strategy requires students to go beyond simple information retrieval and make connections between content. To do this, students should ask open-ended questions about the content, answer it in as much detail as possible, and then examine the material to make sure their understanding is correct.
Teachers can apply this strategy through short-range discussions where these types of questions are discovered and asked to answer them.
Change ideas or assignments while you study
We think that to learn a skill we must practice it over and over again. Although repetition is important, the research says we will learn that skill, but we will do it more effectively if we combine practice with other skills. This is known as interlacing.
For example, if you are doing math problems, the specific thing is to do several exercises of this type in a row, but if we use this strategy then we combine it with other types of exercises. I will go. This point is intended to interrupt repetitive behaviour and force students to think more critically. Tell students about this strategy so they can apply interleaving or interlacing on themselves.
Concrete examples: Use specific examples to understand abstract ideas
This strategy is widely used in teaching to explain a new concept. Then the teacher usually asks the students to make their own examples, if they are not entirely correct, they will look for more. It is important for everyone at home to practice this while studying.
Dual encoding: Match words with visual material
When information is presented to us, it is usually accompanied by some type of visual content: an image, a graphic. When we study, we must get used to paying attention to these visual elements, linking them to the text and finally explaining what they mean. In our own words. Then we can make our own pictures of the concepts we are learning. This process causes concepts to move down different paths in the brain, facilitating their retrieval later.
It is important that teachers try to encourage this strategy in the classroom so that they later generalize it to other situations.
What are the different learning strategies?
Something very important to keep in mind is that learning strategies do not need to be used in isolation, but rather it is better to combine them. For example, you can put study time in space and when trying to memorize concrete examples, detailed concepts, etc. to correct what you have studied. In this way, you will combine different strategies and favour meaningful learning.
Knowing what the purpose of each learning strategy is can help us see improvements soon because we know what we are working on and therefore if in the future I want to learn some material in some way. Yes, then I will remember that this is how the strategy worked in those cases.
Learning Strategies For Students
If we observe an early childhood education class, it is very common to see that children can learn colours, numbers, letters when they want to say or think, but still learn to think less than they think. it is. The school tends to teach declarative (educational) knowledge, but not so much about the learning process. Children need access to instructions that help them learn more and better. The strategies and processes underlying thinking that enable children to engage in these behaviours are known as learning approaches and form a fundamental foundation for children’s learning and development. Some strategies applied at any level are used to understand the learning process:
Metacognitive strategies: planning, self-control, self-evaluation, attention and commitment and perseverance.
Cognitive strategy: Goals, repetition, resource discovery, grouping, extension, summary and activities with the use of images.
Social and positive strategy: collaborate and collaborate, ask questions and interact.
So this concludes the topic for Types of learning strategies and Supports Metacognitive Strategies